The use of water fountains began during the times of the Ancient Greeks who built fountains over springs thought to have powers. The springs pushed the water out of the top of the fountain. These fountains usually were statutes of Greek gods or goddesses. Many fountains were constructed over the centuries, and the early ones did not use motors to pump the water. During the last 20 years indoor water fountains as well as those outdoors have become popular and can be placed anywhere.
Early gardens used water and sunlight to create the desired design for relaxation, later adding greenery and other foliage. Persian gardens used water in their designs early, using fountains and ponds. The water was channeled to make the design work. During the 13th century the ornamental aspects of a garden became important. Later European influences included variations in the use of water and foliage in a garden.
In Northern India gardens were constructed where there was plenty of water and these gardens included lots of pools, streams, and waterfalls. These gardens used gravity to create the water supply, and elaborate waterfalls were created. These gardens also contained fountains, including jet fountains, but statutes of men were not allowed. Water flowing into the basin was directed to channels for irrigation and other uses so not as to waste any water, which at the time was considered scarce.
Western culture changed fountains, and then with the invention of the water pump in Rome they drastically changed. Gravity is still used, but the water is artificially pumped from the bottom to the top, and water is continuously circulated through a piping system. This led to being able to create indoor water fountains. Early fountains were designed like those of Ancient Greece and Rome.
The renaissance period in Italy led to the creation of a cascading fountain. And Japanese and Chinese also began using water with sculpture, but their designs used water, rocks and sand. This provided a more natural form of water flowing than the likeness of a person or animal and a jet fountain.
Today, indoor water fountains come in all styles and designs. Natural rock fountains, tiered basin fountains, wall fountains, and cascading fountains are all available styles for indoor water fountains. These fountains are now easy to set up and easy to use so that any one can enjoy the soothing sounds and aesthetic beauty of flowing water in their home or office.